2018 has certainly been an interesting year in terms of new scientific breakthroughs. Almost every day in 2018 seemed to bring exciting advances in pretty much all spheres of scientific research.
The year saw lots of exciting things happening in genetics, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, and aviation, which renewed people's interest in these subjects.
Here, we look back at the past 12 months and pick out some of the most interesting science stories for you.
While it is impossible to include every significant science event that happened in the past 12 months, following are the top 10 science stories that made a splash in 2018.
In January, scientists from University College London announced that they have found a novel approach to enable secure communication between multiple quantum devices. The scientists claimed that their approach could pave the way for introduction of a large-scale, unhackable quantum network in future.
The new method bridges the gap between the theoretical assurances of perfect security promised by the laws of quantum physics and the actual realisation of such security in large networks.
It also allows testing the security of quantum devices before they start communicating with each other. Scientists said they plan to work with partners in the UK national quantum technologies programme to further develop their technology.
One of the most interesting stories of 2018 appeared in April when scientists from the US Army Research Laboratory revealed about their new machine learning technique capable of generating a visible face image of a person from the thermal image of the face captured in the dark.
Scientists said the technology works by carrying out a matching between thermal images and existing biometric face databases containing visible face imagery. The technique is expected to enhance real-time biometrics for US Army's night-time operations and also improve post-mission forensic analysis for covert night-time operations.
In May, scientists from the University of California, Los Angeles, Samueli School of Engineering announced development of a new 3D printer capable of producing complex artificial tissues for use in transplants and surgeries. The team said that the functioning of the 3D printer is based on stereolithography process.
Researchers tested the machine by first creating simple shapes, such as pyramids, and then making complex 3D structures that were exact copies of muscle tissue and muscle-skeleton connective tissues. Scientists also implanted a prototype printer in rats and found it to be working as intended.
Warming was most pronounced in Siberia region
The tank will be subjected to high stresses and loads via dozens of hydraulic cylinders during testing
'Sunlit wet sidewalk' provides evidence of methane rainfall on the north pole of Saturn's moon Titan
Methane rainfall indicates the start of the summer season in Titan's northern hemisphere
Scientists believe there could be other hydrides or superhydrides with super conducting properties