Those looking to run political adverts and campaigns on Google's online services in future US elections will need to show that they have US citizenship or permanent residency status.
The internet giant said that it has made changes to its advertising policies to ensure that political advertisements are "transparent" and do not mislead members of the public.
As well as this, political candidates and campaigns will be asked to reveal the identities of the people bankrolling advertisements.
These changes are intened to prevent foreign nation states - particularly Russia - from abusing social media platforms to influence the results of elections.
In a blog post, Google senior vice president Kent Walker said that the company wants to make political advertising more transparent.
"As a first step, we'll now require additional verification for anyone who wants to purchase an election ad on Google in the US and require that advertisers confirm they are a US citizen or lawful permanent resident, as required by law," he said.
"That means advertisers will have to provide a government-issued ID and other key information. To help people better understand who is paying for an election ad, we're also requiring that ads incorporate a clear disclosure of who is paying for it."
With US mid-term elections set to take place in November this year, Google has confirmed that it is also working on a transparency report on election adverts.
Set to be released in the summer, the report will give an insight into the people and companies purchasing reflection-related adverts on Google platforms. It will a detail the amount of money being spent on adverts too.
The company is creating a searchable library for election adverts, as well. Walker said this will be a place "where anyone can find election ads purchased on Google and who paid for them".
He continued: "As we learn from these changes and our continued engagement with leaders and experts in the field, we'll work to improve transparency of political issue ads and expand our coverage to a wider range of elections.
"Our work on elections goes far beyond improving policies for advertising.
"We're investing heavily in keeping our own platforms secure and working with campaigns, elections officials, journalists, and others to help ensure the security of the online platforms that they depend on."
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