Future microchips could pave the way for computers that run 100 times faster than current models, according to scientists.
Over the past three years, Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HU) physicist Dr Uriel Levy and his team have been exploring ways to create a terahertz processor that does not overheat, and that can be scaled.
Levy and his team now claim to have developed a prototype chip, which they have detailed the technology in an academic journal article published in Laser and Photonics Review.
In the article, the researchers show off a proof-of-concept optic technology that provides manufacturing-level scalability.
Optical communications cover all systems that use light to transmit data through fibre optic cables, including the internet, email, phone calls and the cloud.
It will now be possible to manufacture any optical device with the precision and cost-effectiveness of flash technology
Up until now, researchers and companies have struggled to incorporate this technology into microchips because it often becomes "unreliable and difficult to replicate in large quantities", Dr Levy suggested.
However, that could be set to change. By utilising a metal-oxide-nitride-oxide-silicon structure, the scientists said it is possible to develop a "new integrated circuit that uses flash memory technology".
This technology may already have become commonplace, but it could also become the norm integrated on CPUs.
The researchers said it can "enable standard 8-16 gigahertz computers to run 100 times faster and "bring all optic devices closer to the holy grail of communications".
Dr. Uriel Levy said: "This discovery could help fill the ‘THz gap' and create new and more powerful wireless devices that could transmit data at significantly higher speeds than currently possible. In the world of hi-tech advances, this is game-changing technology."
Meir Grajower, a University PhD student who also worked on the project, added: "It will now be possible to manufacture any optical device with the precision and cost-effectiveness of flash technology."
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