The government has told the Law Commission to assess whether or not existing regulations against online harassment, cyber-bullying and hate speech are enough to protect victims.
According to research, almost one-third of internet users claim to have been affected by trolling, harassment and bullying in the past year.
And authorities believe that not enough is being done to prevent online abuse. The independent body said it will conduct "a robust review of the current laws and set out how they apply to online communications".
The Law Commission said the review will take place over the next few months, and once it is completed, the organisation will publish an independent review detailing its findings.
According to the Commission, it will recommend potential options for reform to the government if it identifies "deficiencies in the current law".
As part of these plans, the Law Commission will investigate the following areas:
How the Malicious Communications Act 1988 deals with offensive online communications;
How the Communications Act 2003 deals with online communications;
What "grossly offensive" means and whether that poses difficulties in legal certainty;
Whether the law means you need to prove fault or prove intention to prosecute offensive online communications;
The need to update definitions in the law which technology has rendered obsolete or confused, such as the meaning of "sender";
How other parts of the criminal law overlap with online communications laws.
These findings will be applied to Government Digital Charter, which prime minister Theresa May recently unveiled "to make the UK the safest place in the world online".
Professor David Ormerod QC, the law commissioner, said: "There are laws in place to stop abuse but we've moved on from the age of green ink and poison pens.
"The digital world throws up new questions and we need to make sure that the law is robust and flexible enough to answer them.
He added: "If we are to be safe, both on and off line, the criminal law must offer appropriate protection in both spaces.
"By studying the law and identifying any problems we can give government the full picture as it works to make the UK the safest place to be online."
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