Google has been fined £5.2m for violating Russia's antitrust laws by forcing hardware makers to bundle its own services in Android-based devices.
Russia's antitrust watchdog, the Federal Anti-monopoly Service (FAS), ruled in September that Google had broken anti-monopoly laws and is "abusing" its position in the mobile market.
This followed a six-month investigation into the firm after a complaint from Yandex, a Russian rival to Google.
Google's appeal against the ruling was thrown out in March, and Moscow's Arbitration Court said that it "fully supports" the earlier FAS decision.
The £5.2m fine was determined as a share of Google Play store domestic sales in Russia, according to reports. Local rules stipulate that fines represent one to 15 per cent of a violator's revenue, in this case for 2014, but it's unclear exactly what percentage Google will be forced to hand over.
Google has also been ordered by the FAS to change the company's agreements with device makers. The watchdog had said previously that it wanted the firm to "exclude such clauses from the agreements that restrict installing applications and services of other developers of such devices".
Google said in a vague statement given to Reuters: "We have received a notification from FAS about the imposed fine. We will familiarise ourselves with the ruling before deciding on further actions."
The firm had a bit more to say in November about the ruling, criticising the FAS decision as "unfounded".
"Android is an open and free platform, and the manufacturer can use it the way they want," Google said at the time.
"In Russia, there are a lot of mobile devices of different brands such as ZTE, Xiaomi, Gionee and others. Android is the freedom of choice and open competition, and that's great."
Google is facing a similar complaint in Europe with the European Commission, which is also on the verge of fining Google for abusing its search dominance.
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