The government has launched a consultation on driverless car technologies to consider amendments to the laws concerning insurance and the Highway Code to accommodate such vehicles.
The aim of the open consultation, according to the Pathway to Driverless Cars briefing document (PDF), is to "secure the UK's position at the forefront of this change for the development, construction and use of automated vehicle technologies".
The problem is that different organisations take different approaches to the technology when it needs more coherent guidance.
"Some [organisations] are taking an evolutionary approach in developing new advanced driver assistance systems with incremental developments on existing technology such as automated braking systems," said the document.
"Others are taking a revolutionary approach in developing fully automated cars from the ground up which can drive themselves for the entire journey."
Furthermore, it is not clear when driverless car technology will be ready for the mass market, and "the mid-2020s onwards" the best guess.
"What is clear is that vehicles, which can be parked within line of sight by remote control, or pilot themselves with human oversight on high speed roads such as motorways, will be available for sale in the next two to four years," added the report.
Paul Sudlow, EMEA alliances director at Nimble Storage, commented on the huge volume of data that will be generated by driverless cars.
"This already mammoth amount of data is set to increase rapidly as driverless cars become more popular. So it's important that, as part of the consultation, the government also considers how and where this data will be stored and shared, especially with questions surrounding the UK's future participation in the EU General Data Protection Regulation and Privacy Shield," he said.
In addition to the privacy problems, and the inevitable desire of governments to use the data generated to track people, there are major infrastructure concerns.
"Unlike ordinary vehicles, building software and infrastructure that can reliably cope with the most challenging situations is a hard task and requires a combination of knowledge acquisition, machine learning and careful and very extensive risk analysis and risk modelling," explained Sudlow.
"All of this must be underpinned by a data storage strategy that delivers an immense capability to scale non-disruptively, handle new data traffic workflows and provide a secure environment that can itself be automated."
The consultation follows a regulatory review concluded in February 2015 after a £10m driverless car trial in January 2015.
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