Coding, 3D printing and smart factory specialists have received recognition from the Royal Academy of Engineering for outstanding contributions to British engineering.
Dr Don Syme (pictured), Dr Susannah Clarke and Dr Andy Ward are to be given the Academy's Silver Medal, and will join previous winners such as Eben Upton, founder of the Raspberry Pi Foundation.
Syme, a principal researcher at Microsoft Research in Cambridge, will receive the award for creating F#, a programming language used in applications such as analysing the UK energy market and tackling money laundering.
Now in version 4.0, F# has been applauded for its clear and concise language that helps developers create applications rapidly and with fewer bugs than other programming languages.
Clarke, founder and director of Embody Orthopaedic, will get her Silver Medal for inventing a new type of 3D printing technology that creates customised surgical instruments so that surgeons do not have to rely on one-size-fits-all equipment.
Surgical instruments can be tailored for individual patients undergoing joint and hip surgery at a low cost using nylon-based 3D printing.
Ward, founder of location intelligence provider Ubisense, was recognised for his work on an indoor location system designed to make car factories smart.
His system tracks individual items in a factory to automate the processes between them, enabling production tools to be automatically configured to suit the car being worked on, thereby reducing the need for manual adjustments by production line workers.
Professor Dame Ann Dowling, president of the Royal Academy of Engineering, said that this year's Silver Medal winners represent the diversity in the UK's engineering industry and breadth of the careers it offers.
"They also demonstrate the power of university/industry collaboration and the importance of innovation to the UK economy," she added. "Engineering research generates almost half the value of all UK exports."
Dowling noted that the winners represent commercial success stories in their respective fields, which in turn allows society and the economy to benefit from leading inventions and products born out of UK research and development.
The UK is often celebrated for its technology and engineering pioneers. Notably, Apple design chief Jony Ive received a knighthood at Buckingham Palace for his work on the iPhone, iPad and iPod.
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