Cybercriminals are being given access to an increasingly diverse range of attack and infection tools and services, say researchers.
Security firm Trend Micro said that recent analysis of Russian crimeware markets has found that malware tools and services range from one-time packages which cost just pennies to sophisticated packages and services which cost purchasers thousands of dollars per month.
The study noted that a number of components, including malware packages, rootkits, along with hacking services including account thefts, denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks and botnet rentals, are available to cybercriminals looking to carry out attacks.
Researchers found that while basic services and goods could be had for $50 or less, in many cases cybercriminals were offering sophisticated services such as rootkit infections and sustained DDoS attacks costing hundreds or thousands of dollars.
"As the Russian underground community continuously modifies targets and improves technologies, security companies and users must constantly face the challenge of effectively protecting their money and the information they store in their computers and other devices," the company said in its report.
"The Russian shadow economy is an economy of scale, one that is service oriented and that has become a kleptocracy wherein crony capitalism has obtained a new lease on life in cyberspace," the report continued.
While Trend Micro's report focused on Russian markets, such services and forums are not believed to be exclusive to any region. Researchers have encountered similar markets around the globe which specialise in the trade of both cybercrime tools and stolen account information.
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