The European Commission (EC) has announced it will create a new agency that will take sole responsibility for managing a number of key IT systems used by member states for security and justice.
The agency, yet to be given an official name, will be based in Tallinn, Estonia, and will be responsible for three systems used by nations to share information.
These are: asylum system EURODAC; the Visa Information System (VIS); and the second-generation Schengen Information System (SIS II).
The first is used to store fingerprints, to allow nations to check on asylum seekers and migrants, while VIS helps nations implement the same policies for visa checks to help unify border controls to make it easier for travellers to move around Europe.
Currently, both these systems are managed by the Commission itself, but will become the sole responsibility of the new agency from December 2012.
Lastly, SIS II helps law enforcement authorities, including customs, visa and judicial organisations, to access data on individuals and objects that are being sent between nations. This system is set to come online in 2013.
The new agency will take responsibility for ensuring these systems remain up and running, and to ensure the necessary data protection measures are put in place to guard against outside threats.
The EC is currently looking to recruit 75 full-time members of staff in 2012 to man the agency, with a further 45 scheduled to join in 2013.
Previously, the Estonia's most notable contribution to the IT industry had been as the victim of a massive denial of service attack in 2007, which took out many of the country's government-related sites.
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