Around 10 per cent of European companies lack an individual or department responsible for security, according to research from IDC. In an estimated 60 per cent of cases, security is part of the system or IT department's responsibility.
IDC said that staff in technical departments take the brunt of the responsibility because they are in charge of implementing the technology and policies in the first place.
The research company said that the most common security precautions are antivirus software and authorisation tools. Authentication management comes next, followed by firewalls, which have proliferated over the last few months.
Although there is still a lack of intrusion detection technology deployed, according to the survey, 17 per cent of companies claimed that they were likely to deploy it in the near future.
Encryption was another area companies were keen on, with around 40 per cent using it at the moment and 20 per cent planning to roll out encryption tools.
But other research from domain name registry CentralNic suggests that security also needs to be understood at a user level. The company found that most users choose passwords as a "lifestyle test" rather than a security-based issue.
Around 47 per cent of users used their own name or nickname, while 32 per cent used the names of their favourite football team or celebrity. CentralNic said that most passwords could easily be guessed because people tend to choose obvious words that reflect their personality.
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