Scientists at the University of Chicago and Argonne are 'building' a third-millennium BC city using Sim City-style software.
According to the Chicago Sun Times the five-year project has a $1.m National Science Foundation grant.
The computers will get input from carbon-14 results or data from ancient texts and will track how separate agents behave together.
The five-year game will help scientists to figure out why southern Mesopotamia developed civilisation when northern Mesopotamia did not.
Some say the southern cities grew because of irrigation and transportation, but the real reason is unclear.
The software employs techniques such as those used by Sim games, where the goal is to generate plausible life stories.
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