Developments in nanotechnology will allow for the creation of smaller, more powerful processors built out of transistors made from tiny carbon cylinders called nanotubes.
Nanotubes, which are only five to 10 atoms wide, are set to be the replacement material for silicon when it reaches its peak sometime over the next decade.
IBM has managed to produce pure semiconductor surfaces made out of nanotubes by extracting the metallic impurities that caused problems in earlier designs.
Although silicon has been the foundation material for chip making since time immemorial, scientists expect its capabilities to be exhausted within 10 years with nanotech stepping in to fill the gap.
The initial problems of impurities in nanotubes, metallic carbon parts which caused short circuits, have been worked around by applying a specific voltage which incinerates the metallic traces.
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