The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is holding a competition to develop one or more cryptographic 'hash' algorithms to augment and revise the current Secure Hash Standard (Federal Information Processing Standard [FIPS] 180-2).
As a first step in the process, the organisation is asking for comments on its recently published draft minimum acceptability requirements, submission requirements and evaluation criteria for candidate algorithms.
"Hashing algorithms are mathematical procedures that take data, usually a message, and chop and combine it down into a much shorter number that is a 'fingerprint' of the original data," NIST stated.
"Good hash algorithms have two features. Two different inputs are overwhelmingly likely to generate two different fingerprints and, given a specific fingerprint, there is no practical way of calculating a set of input data that will have the same fingerprint."
Hash algorithms are used widely by the Federal government and others in various applications, such as digital signatures and message authentication.
"FIPS 180-2 specifies five cryptographic hash algorithms (SHA-1, SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384 and SHA-512)," NIST added.
"Because serious attacks have been reported in recent years against cryptographic hash algorithms, including SHA-1, NIST is preparing the groundwork for a more secure hash standard."
New light-guiding nanoscale device can control and monitor a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with high sensitivity
Optical traps are scientific instruments in which a focused laser beam is used to exert an attractive or repulsive force on a microscopic object to hold it in place
Scientists estimate that the exoplanet has already lost up to 35 per cent of its mass over its lifetime
The observations were made using the Atacama Array in the Chilean desert
J1043+2408 was observed for more than 10 years, and its radio light curve exhibited a periodic signal repeating in about 563 days