Texas Instruments claims it has developed a way of making chips that run at gigahertz speeds and accelerate the performance of even the copper-based chips that IBM is working on.
Using an insulating material called Xerogel, TI researchers claim they insulate circuits more effectively. TI said it can make chips combining Xerogel with copper wires that pack more than double the number of transistors for the same area, are manufactured using a 0.10 micron process, run at billions of cycles per second, use less power and perform calculations at over ten times the speed of current processors.
The major problem facing modern circuit designers is insulating the connections between transistors because modern transistors are so small and fast. TI said its process may lead to chips with 500 million transistors which use such a small amount of power that they can run everything from notebook PCs to watches.
IBM Microelectronics said its copper-based Cmos technology offers chips made with 0.12 micron manufacturing and around 180 million transistors.
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