Windows NT 4.0 has failed a US government FIPS 140-1 security test, which bans the operating system from use in US government departments. Microsoft has a service pack planned to enable NT to pass the test, but it will render Internet Explorer 4.0 and Outlook 98 unusable. The problems arise in Microsoft's CryptoAPI modules, which handle the processing of cryptographic code and interface with specialist security hardware. Microsoft may have to hurry if it is not to lose more business: the banking industry is currently considering implementing FIPS 140-1 compliance as well, and it may become a standard for security recognised by other industries.
Molybdenum ditelluride is a two-dimensional material that can be easily stacked into multiple layers to create a memory cell
New light-guiding nanoscale device can control and monitor a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with high sensitivity
Optical traps are scientific instruments in which a focused laser beam is used to exert an attractive or repulsive force on a microscopic object to hold it in place
Scientists estimate that the exoplanet has already lost up to 35 per cent of its mass over its lifetime
The observations were made using the Atacama Array in the Chilean desert