[QQ]In the same week that Microsoft admitted that NT5 realistically wouldsystem, Intranetware 5.0 and, by lending its weight to the Java platform, it is hoping to protect the future of Netware. Linda Davies looks at how the company plans to steal a march on the opposition. not be an option for corporate use until 1999, Novell released the beta version of its next-generation network operating system, Intranetware 5.0, and confidently predicted that the full version will be shipping next June - a good six months before NT5.[QQ] Codenamed Moab, this is a crucial release for Novell that includes significant changes to the core of the network operating system, and signals its positioning as a Java platform.[QQ] Novell hopes that the portability of Java will help to make this an operating system to match NT for serving applications. Netware has always been considered a difficult platform to write for, and the development tools have been fewer and not as good as those available for Windows-based development.[QQ] Dominic Storey, director of technology EMEA, Novell says, 'At the moment, there are many more people writing applications for Microsoft and NT.[QQ] It's been harder to write applications for Intranetware, but Java will close the gap.'[QQ] Novell is also counting on Java to improve performance and ensure that Netware remains a major contender in the networking market.[QQ] Explaining the perceived importance of Java, Eric Schmidt, Novell CEO, states: 'Java is also part of our strategy, for obvious reasons. Java today is a huge success. To give you an idea of how well Java is doing - there have been more than 1.1 million downloads of the JDK 1.1. IDC says there are 450,000 Java programmers, and 700,000 projected for 1998.[QQ] This is for a language that is only two years old. There have already been 800 books written about Java, 400,000 Web sites are using it and more than 1,000 applications are shipping. At the Java1 conference in March, there were approximately 10,000 attendees. This is a very, very significant phenomenon in our landscape.'[QQ] Novell was the first major vendor to license Java Virtual Machine technology, the engine that enables Java applications to run on the server. This head start is apparent in the Moab release, which also includes ActiveX and Javabeans components for accessing Netware services from 32-bit Windows clients.[QQ] To date, 87 per cent of application developments have been on the client side. Schmidt believes this is changing. 'The real opportunity for Java will turn out to be when it's implemented on the server. Middle tier is where a lot of the competition goes on in networks today, and is where server-side Java will take off. By its nature, that tier is not dominated by any single monopoly. So server-side Java plays to one of Java's strongest suits, which is platform independence: faster performance, portability of applications. It has the right architecture to build these new network-aware applications. This is a core part of our strategy.'[QQ] Novell alleges that its Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is faster than any other implementation on the market. Storey claims: 'At Novell we aim to have the fastest Java application server on any Intel platform, and we expect it to be at least twice as fast as the competition. When you put this with the stability of our underlying network operating system, it will be the best implementation.'[QQ] In Moab, Novell now supports native IP, finally recognising the dominance of TCP/IP technology in the industry, and making Netware protocol agnostic.[QQ] By integrating access and updates between Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), Domain Name Services (DMS) and Novell Directory Services (NDS), Moab makes the management of IP networks and IP addresses easier. IPX/SPX protocol support has not been dropped, and both protocols can coexist, so that planning the transition from earlier versions of Netware is easier too, for network managers.[QQ] According to Schmidt: 'For Novell, Moab is the key part of our strategy, because that version of Netware uses IP completely natively. All the services that customers should know and love, and that have been best of class, will now be available on these open, interconnected networks, with extraordinary performance - much higher performance than any of the other competitors in those spaces. We've made that commitment to our users.'[QQ] For network administrators there are several new features, including a more up-to-date graphical console to aid management. The Java graphical user interface is visible now from start-up through to operation, improving ease of use. Application installation is also under the control of the Java interface. Remote workstation management has been incorporated to let administrators initiate and control software installation, perform diagnostics and conduct repairs and upgrades on every workstation - all from one central computer. This reduces the need for network administrators to visit end-user workstations, reducing the time, resources and expense of managing the network. Moab also features improved tools for the migration of data and directory information from previous versions of Netware. Vince Garcia, of the Wyoming Department of Transport, states: 'Intranetware makes network management so simple that we only need one person to administer the system. What little network maintenance there is, we can do from headquarters without travelling into the field.'[QQ] Novell has always been renowned for its file and print services, and these have been further enhanced in the latest version. Novell Storage Services (NSS) is a powerful new storage and access system, offering the ability to store large objects. Storey states: 'We now have a huge and very fast file system. With a start-up of under five seconds we have built in the capacity to support database files of up to eight terabytes and large numbers of objects without degrading system performance. NSS gives you rapid access to your data, and volumes can be mounted and remounted in seconds now, instead of hours - regardless of their size.'[QQ] NSS should allow systems with limited resources to perform better, and larger systems should provide even higher levels of performance. Sophisticated data management techniques also make more efficient use of available disk space. In an organisation where data access times are critical, this should be good news.[QQ] Novell Distributed Print Services (NDPS) is a new intelligent printing architecture, available in Moab, which considerably simplifies the management of printing. Its aim is to reduce the hassles of network printing for users, while improving overall network performance and eliminating the majority of costs related to network printing, by decreasing the administrative time associated with managing printing. With NDPS, administrators are now able to label, configure and automatically install printers from any workstation.[QQ] 'NDPS was designed in conjunction with Hewlett-Packard and Xerox to provide network security and simplicity,' explains Storey, 'making all the network printers independent of the server. In this way, printing attributes, such as forms and banners, are available to every printer and user defined on the network. This really does bring printer control back to the user's desktop - exactly where it is needed most.'[QQ] Support of printing is one of the highest costs associated with network support and maintenance. Anything that improves network support for printing and promises easier management has to be seen as a benefit in all business environments, from small workgroups to enterprise operations.[QQ] Moab will now support up to 32 processors due to the introduction of a new multiprocessor kernel, in addition to the uniprocessor kernel. As well as the new kernel, Moab offers memory protection for added fault tolerance and uses virtual memory, which supplies additional memory resources without the additional costs of adding memory to a system. This is essential to enable full Java support on the server.[QQ] Memory protection was one of the key areas of NT's success in that an errant user application cannot affect the NT Executive - NT's kernel.[QQ] This uses the built-in memory protection facilities in Intel's x86 CPUs.[QQ] The advantage of using memory protection is in the robustness of the operating system - if a crash occurs, the applications resources are released and the application can be optionally reloaded. However, the penalty is reduced speed of operation.[QQ] Memory protection incurs about 10 per cent degradation in performance due to increased CPU usage, but because Netware isn't traditionally CPU bound, the increased CPU utilisation won't be noticeable.[QQ] The kernel also includes a scheduling function that enables customers to prioritise applications running on the server, so that CPU-intensive applications can gain greater access to processors and enhance application performance for users. Current versions of Netware use a co-operative processing system scheduler that allows an application to have full control of the machine for as long as necessary. Moab will offer both the current co-operative scheduler, as well as a priority-based pre-emptive scheduler.[QQ] This pre-emptive scheduler is another requirement for JVM support.[QQ] Moab is designed to bring corporate and public networks into one secure and manageable information delivery system based on open Internet standards.[QQ] Schmidt sums up Novell's strategy: 'We are building all the pieces. The important thing is that it is based on the principles of the Internet.[QQ] Each of the set of interfaces is open. Anybody can adopt them. In most cases, they're already industry standard and, in those others, we will work with the appropriate partners. By doing so, we have a strong commitment to open interfaces on the server side, which is where the action is going to be - to build these business-critical applications across the net.'
US space agency believes the crater could have preserved ancient organic molecules from the water that flowed there billions of years ago
Valve quietly closes down hardware initiatives launched following Windows 8
Scientists create a virtual reality simulation of a black hole sitting at the centre of the Milky Way
Simulations like this can help people understand complicated systems in the universe in a better way
The most luminous galaxy ever discovered is cannibalising at least three of its smaller neighbours, study finds
The galaxy radiates at 350 trillion times the luminosity of the Sun