The increasing complexity of data enabled devices is forcing manufacturers to adopt a modular approach to building their own operating systems from third-party modules, application platforms and service clients.
Newly published research from telecoms analyst Informa suggests that adopting this model allows vendors to customise devices and respond more quickly to operator requirements.
This eliminates dependence on third-party operating system developers which generally update their product only every 12-18 months.
Dr Malik Saadi, author of the report, said: "In general these operating systems are extremely efficient for powering traditional and low-feature phones as they are specifically designed for the device on which they run and optimise the available resources.
"However, this type of platform is not suitable for supporting rich feature phones and smartphones because the complexity of designing these operating systems increases with the number of features supported.
"The lack of interoperability between different operating systems is another challenge facing service providers preventing them from supplying common applications or services, as both applications and services are operating system-client dependent."
According to the study, the main issue currently facing device vendors and operating system developers is hardware fragmentation.
This factor complicates the development of standardised operating systems. In addition, due to the different relative performances of different operating systems for different market segments, vendors face a further standardisation issue.
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