Douglas Merrill, de facto chief information officer and vice president of engineering at Google, has quit his post to become president of digital business at EMI Music.
The appointment marks the first time that the UK record label has created such a post.
Merrill, who oversaw Google's successful stock market listing in 2004, will start his new role of beefing up EMI Music's online operations on 28 April at the firm's Los Angeles office.
Guy Hands, chief executive at Terra Firma, and chairman of EMI Group, welcomed the new online boss, praising his business intellect and engineering expertise.
"Merrill's experience, talents and ability to drive innovation will be enormously valuable to EMI and its artists," said Hands.
Merrill explained in a statement that the new post will allow him to combine two of his biggest passions.
"One is creating platforms and tools that make it easier for consumers to achieve their goals. The other is music," he said.
"This exciting new role at EMI is a unique opportunity for me to put those two passions to work together, and help deliver EMI's objective of providing the best services in the world to consumers and musicians."
Merrill's move to EMI follows last month's high-profile departure of Sheryl Sandberg, Google's vice president of global online sales, to become the new chief operating officer at Facebook.
Another departure saw Ethan Beard quit as head of social media at Google to join Facebook as director of business development.
Cotton seedling freezes to death as Chang'e-4 shuts down for the Moon's 14-day lunar night
Fortnite easily out-earns PUBG, Assassin's Creed Odyssey and Red Dead Redemption 2 in 2018
Meteor showers as a service will be visible for about 100 kilometres in all directions
Saturn's rings only formed in the past 100 million years, suggests analysis of Cassini space probe data
New findings contradict conventional belief that Saturn's rings were formed along with the planet about 4.5 billion years ago